Chinese vocabulary notes #12

Chinese vocabulary notes (October 2022)

In this month’s edition: Chinese health expert explains China zero-covid policy, Xi’ great power diplomacy, China’s demographic trap and the Chinese immigrant experience in Germany.

Chinese immigrants in Germany: 我们为什么要留在德国?赚大钱?享受生活?学姐和黑黑心得分享

How do Chinese people end up in Germany and decide to stay there? Most Chinese people I know in Germany come as students. After they finish their studies, they typically go on job hunt as long as their visa allows them. Some return to China, some settle down and start families. As a rule they’re highly qualified immigrants. These two Chinese YouTubers living in Germany explain why they decided to stay.

安稳的生活Ānwěn de shēnghuósafe and stable life
走一步看一步zǒu yībù kàn yībùstep by step
30天假期30 tiān jiàqī30 days vacation
父母养老的问题fùmǔ yǎnglǎo de wèntíparental care issues
对于这个方面你是怎么考虑的?duìyú zhège fāngmiàn nǐ shì zěnme kǎolǜ de?How do you think about this?

BBC interview with Chinese health expert Liang Wannian:

Will China’s zero-covid policy last forever? BBC interviews Liang Wannian who advises the Chinese government on dealing with the pandemic. The reporter asks the right questions, for example what 动态清理 means and how it works, if this approach may have negative side effects. If I understand Liang Wannian correctly, he says so much as that the pandemic has positive effects on the economy, people’s health and mental state. An Orwellian statement? He goes on to explain that any problems that arise on the ground are not due to bad policy making, but rather “management” issues.

动态清理dòngtài qīnglǐ“dynamic cleanup”
不是零感染bùshì líng gǎnrǎnnot zero infection
零容忍líng róngrěnzero tolerance
防控疫情fáng kòng yìqíngepidemic prevention and control
是一个管理问题shì yīgè guǎnlǐ wèntíis a management issue
不是政策问题bùshì zhèngcè wèntínot a policy issue
加强针jiāqiáng zhēnbooster shot
疫苗对防死亡还是有效的yìmiáo duì fáng sǐwáng háishì yǒuxiào devaccines are still effective in preventing death
防感染fáng gǎnrǎnto prevent infection
抵抗力dǐkàng lìresistance, immunity
脆弱人群cuìruò rénqúnvulnerable population
再坚持一下zài jiānchí yīxiàhold on, keep holding on

BBC report on Xi’s “great power diplomacy”

And up comes the next BBC news item in Chinese that looks into China’s “great power diplomacy” and its increasingly assertive behavior on the world stage. Rather difficult stuff and the traditional characters don’t make it easier, at least for me.

大国外交Dàguó wàijiāoGreat Power Diplomacy
在国际舞台上zài guójì wǔtái shàngon the international stage
丝绸之路sīchóu zhī lùSilk Road
债务陷阱zhàiwù xiànjǐngdebt trap
新殖民手段xīn zhímín shǒuduànneocolonial tactics
中美关系zhōng měi guānxìSino-US relations

China’s low birth rate

Why do we keep talking about China’s low birth rate? Well, if China’s wants to be the number one nation in the world, they need more children. Li Can provides some background on the problem and delves deeper into the reasons why young people in present-day China “fail to produce” more children. He mentions that there’s kind of urgency and even crisis awareness surrounding this topic and the Chinese government is implementing new policies to raise the birth rate. Will it be enough to reverse the current trend?

低出生率dī chūshēnglǜlow birth rate
灭国miè guóto destroy the country
危机意识wéijī yìshícrisis awareness
自身的角度zìshēn de jiǎodùpersonal perspective
计划生育政策jìhuà shēngyù zhèngcèbirth planning policy
跑题了pǎotíleto digress
嫖娼piáochāngto go whoring
被封杀了bèi fēngshāleto be shut out

China’s demographic situation be in twenty years

王志安 is a popular Chinese journalist and former TV-host who was banned from all major platforms in China in 2019. In one of the most popular videos from his channel 王志安 gives his take on China’s demographic development and its impact on Chinese society. He states that all industries that currently exist due to cheap labor like the express delivery and takeaway industry will disappear in the future. Housing prices will fall in most areas due to a declining population. He predicts a development similar to Japan. Sounds like it’s time to invest in retirement homes.

生育率shēngyù lǜfertility rate
人口结构rénkǒu jiégòupopulation structure
劳动力的急剧减少láodònglì de jíjù jiǎnshǎoSharp decline in the workforce
社会资源shèhuì zīyuánsocial resources
世界工厂shìjiè gōngchǎngworld factory
制造业zhìzào yèmanufacturing
资产价格zīchǎn jiàgéasset price
社会保障制度shèhuì bǎozhàng zhìdùSocial security system
社会稳定shèhuì wěndìngsocial stability
银发族yínfà zúsilver hair workers
大幅下跌dàfú xiàdiéto fall sharply
社会矛盾shèhuì máodùnsocial conflicts

The Chinese React To New 3-Child Policy | Street Interview

That reminded me of this Asian Boss video from about a year ago. Young people in Shanghai share their thoughts about the new 3-child policy that aims at raising the birth rate. Their reactions are very telling, many of them bluntly speak out that they thought the new policy was a joke, that they have no clue how to actually raise two children, let alone three. I’m not sure if more details about this new policy have been shared in the meantime, information about financial support for women (and men) during parental leave and child benefits for example. Because that might truly change something for the better. I’m also not sure how representative the Shanghai situation (maybe the most expensive city in China) is for the rest of China, especially the second- and third-tier cities and the rural areas.

一胎yī tāione child
二胎èr tāisecond child
三胎政策sān tāi zhèngcèthree-child policy
不想要第二胎bùxiǎng yào dì èr tāi(I) don’t want a second child
老龄化lǎolíng huàaging (population)
退休年龄tuìxiū niánlíngretirement age
带不过来dài bùguò láican’t take proper care (of the children)
养孩子的成本yǎng háizi de chéngběnthe cost of raising children

That’s it for October, folks. Thanks for dropping by, keep warm and hope to see you back next month with more Chinese content!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *